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Rockingham County Virginia
Rockingham County was formed on 1 March 1778 from the upper part of Augusta County. Its name honors Charles Watson-Wentworth, second marquis of Rockingham, a British statesman of the period who supported the Americans' viewpoint over the legality of the Stamp Act and other impositions upon them by the British Crown. In 1787 a part was taken to create Pendleton County, and in 1831 another portion was cut off from Rockingham when Page County was established.
The first settlement of the area began in the 1730s with Germans and Scotch-Irish comprising the preponderance of the early groups in the area. Like the other Valley counties, immigrants came from both the northern colonies, via the increasingly-used Valley Road, and through the numerous gaps that broke through the Blue Ridge from the Piedmont. Swift Run Gap, through which US Route 33 passes today, was a major connection between the Piedmont region and both Rockingham and the Luray Valley (Page County area). Communities sprang up along this route, chief of which became Harrisonburg, established in 1780 at the juncture of this east-west road and the Valley Road. The region quickly became a rich farming area, with industrious German farmers bringing the soil to excellent tillage.
Many of the early records of Rockingham County were destroyed by Federal raiders during the Civil War, when they set fire to the wagons carrying the records to Greene County for safe keeping.
For a better understanding of county boundary changes, see our new section Virginia in Maps
ROCKINGHAM CO., VA 1810 CENSUS transcribed, with an index by John Vogt. 8 1/2 x 10 1/2, vi, 47 pages. This is the first surviving census for Rockingham, since both the 1790 and 1800 censuses have been lost. A complete index is included for easy access, since the names were recorded as the enumerator traveled through the county. Rockingham was an important county that sat astride the Great Valley Road and witnessed thousands of migrant settlers passing through on their westward trek.
It also was a most populous county, with a total of more than 1800 heads of households in 1810.
Family names that are in the 1810 Rockingham census are:
Abrey; Adams; Aere; Ailer; Airbough; Airey; Airhart; Airley; Airman; Airy; Akins; Alay; Alford; Algier; Allbeart; Allbright; Alldaffer; Allder; Allen; Allison; Ammond; Anderson; Andes; Andrews; Anghis; Angst; Argabright; Armantrout; Armstrong; Arnold; Artrip; Ashefelter; Ashwood; Auker; Austin; Back; Baher; Baker; Baleman; Balthazer; Barclay; Barhahizer; Barley; Barnhart; Barns; Barrick; Barricks; Baugher; Baxter; Bazzle; Beale; Bealer; Beam; Bear; Beard; Beatty; Beaver; Beeland; Beery; Beesley; Berry; Best; Bevard; Bible; Bickerton; Bierer; Billhimer; Bingham; Bish; Black; Blain; Blazer; Blose; Blosser; Boady; Boar; Bolinger; Boon; Boston; Boulton; Bower; Bowers; Bowlin; Bowman; Boyer; Boyers; Boze; Brackney; Branaman; Branner; Breeding; Breedlove; Breedwell; Brenner; Brew; Bridges; Bright; Brill; Brillhart; Brinker; Britton; Broadhurst; Brock; Brookhart; Brooks; Browne; Broyles; Brumfield; Brunk; Bryan; Bryan ; Buck; Burgess; Burk; Burkholder; Burner; Burns; Burnsides; Burton; Bush; Butcher; Butt; Butte; Byrd; Caldwell; Caler; Campbell; Caplinger; Carbaugh; Carns; Carpenter; Carr; Carrier; Carthrae; Carthrea; Carting; Cave; Caylor; Chandler; Chaplin; Chasteen; Cherryholmes; Chrisman; City; Clarke; Claybough; Clemmer; Click; Clifton; Cline; Cochran; Coffman; Cohenour; Cokely; Cole; Colley; Collins; Comer; Compton; Conley; Conner; Conrod; Coogler; Cook; Cooke; Cool; Cooper; Copelin; Correll; Cotter; Cowan; Craig; Cravens; Crawford; Creckabarger; Creekbarger; Crobarger; Croft; Cromer; Crookshanks; Cross; Crouse; Culp; Cummins; Curry; Custer; Cutler; Cypher; Dashner; Davidson; Davies; Davis; Day; Deal; Dean; Dearman; Deck; Deeds; Dehart; Delimore; Denton; Depoy; Deshler; Detimore; Dever; Devers; Deviers; Dick; Dickey; Dofflemire; Doherty; Doubt; Douglas; Douglass; Dovall; Dove; Drawbono; Driver; Duff; Dundoor; Dunkeson; Dunlap; Dunn; Dunnan; Dunnavan; Durrer; Durry; Eaton; Eaton ; Eckert; Eevy; Egeman; Elinger; Elright; Embry; Emmet; English; Eppert; Eversole; Evilsizer; Ewin; Fadely; Fagaly; Fager; Falls; Fansler; Fault; Fawcett; Fawley; Fawver; Feaster; Feezle; Ferguson; Ferrell; Fidler; Fifer; Finnerty; Firebaugh; Fisher; Fitzwater; Flack; Fletcher; Flick; Flook; Florey; Flowers; Floyd; Fogall; Fogus; Foland; Foley; Foster; Fowler; Fox; Frane; Frazier; Freehold; Freeze; French; Fridley; Frisinger; Fritts; Fry; Fulk; Fulkenson; Fulse; Funk; Furr; Furrey; Fye; Gains; Gaither; Gambell; Gangware; Garber; Garrett; Gay; Gibbs; Gilmore; Gladden; Gladwell; Glass; Glynn; Good; Goodridge; Gordon; Gowl; Grady; Graham; Grandle; Grattan; Graves; Gray; Green; Gregory; Grider; Grier; Griffin; Grove; Grubb; Grumlie; Gunnel; Hackley; Haga; Haines; Hall; Hamilton; Hammer; Hammon; Hammond; Hanna; Hansbarger; Harner; Harness; Harper; Harpole; Harrison; Harrod; Harry; Harshman; Hartman; Harvie; Hashbarger; Hatfield; Hatter; Hause; Hawk; Hawke; Hawkins; Hazle; Head; Heater; Heed; Heetwole; Heistant; Helbert; Helfry; Hemphill; Henning; Henry; Hensley; Henton; Herdman; Herring; Heterick; Hicks; Hidecker; Higgens; Higgs; High; Hill; Hilliard; Hinchey; Hiney; Hinton; Hippert; Hite; Hizey; Hoard; Hoke; Holeman; Holesinger; Homan; Homon; Hood; Hoof; Hoofman; Hooke; Hooper; Hoopman; Hoops; Hoover; Hopkins; Hotinger; Hotsepillar; Hotts; Houdeshell; Houff; Houk; Houston; Howard; Howatt; Howell; Hoy; Huddle; Hudlow; Hughes; Hughland; Hulvey; Hummel; Hupp; Hurley; Huston; Ilinger; Immal; Ireland; Irick; Irion; Irvine; Isick; Jackson; Jenkins; Jennet; Jewel; Johnson; Jones; Jordan; Joseph; Keeland; Keeler; Keezle; Keifer; Keller; Kelley; Kephart; Kepler; Keriko; Kersh; Kessler; Kettner; Ketts; Kiblinger; Kindle; King; Kinney; Kinsley; Kinzer; Kipling; Kirtley; Kite; Kline; Knipple; Knup; Koontz; Kratzer; Krim; Kring; Krist; Kyger; Kyle; Kyzer; Lackson; Laffley; Lair; Laird; Lamb; Lambert; Lanah; Lantz; Lapp; Larrick; Lawson; Layton; Leary; Lee; Leedy; Leib; Lemon; Lenahan; Leonard; Lewis; Ligget; Light; Lightner; Like; Lilley; Lincoln; Lingle; Linn; Linville; Lloyd; Loah; Loar; Lock; Locksman; Loffland; Logan; Lokey; Long; Losh; Loudermilk; Lowry; Lucas; Luidwick; Luntzford; Lyneweaver; Lyon; Mace; Mack; Mackey; Maganet; Maggert; Magill; Mahony; Maiden; Mallory; Mallow; Malone; March; Markee; Marshal; Martin; Mason; Matheny; Matthews; Maurice; Mauzey; Mauzy; May; Maycal; Mayers; Mayo; McAtee; McCall; McCausland; McClelland; McCollister; McCoy; McCullock; McDonald; McGahey; McGuire; McKay; McKinzie; McLoughland; McMahan; McMahon; McVeigh; McWilliams; Meadows; Means; Meelisa; Mefford; Melcher; Meren; Merikey; Messerly; Messick; Metter; Meyers; Michael; Miley; Miller; Mines; Minick; Mitchell; Mittabarger; Mobbs; Moffett; Montgomery; Moody; Moore; Moss; Mowry; Moyer; Moyers; Mumford; Munder; Mungar; Muntz; Murphey; Murphy; Murray; Murry; Nance; Nave; Neer; Neff; Nemric; Newland; Newman; Nible; Nicely; Nicewander; Nicewanger; Nicholas; Nigh; Noland; Norford; Null; Oarbaugh; Oarbough; Oess; Oiler; Olebaugh; Overholtz; Overly; Paine; Painter; Paisley; Parrott; Parsons; Paul; Pence; Peoples; Peterfish; Peters; Philips; Philpot; Pickering; Pierson; Pifer; Pike; Pirkey; Pitts; Plaher; Plumb; Poindexter; Polcel; Porter; Potram; Powel; Price; Profit; Propts; Protsman; Pumfrey; Purkepile; Quick; Quinn; Race; Rader; Rador; Ragin; Rains; Rankin; Ratchford; Rawley; Rawls; Ray; Redifer; Reed; Rees; Reeves; Regmal; Rice; Richart; Richwine; Rife; Riggleman; Rinecker; Rinehart; Ritchie; Ritter; Roache; Roadcap; Roads; Roarer; Roark; Roberts; Robinson; Rodman; Rogers; Rohr; Roler; Rolstone; Romine; Roof; Rootes; Rose; Ross, 38; Roudebush; Rowhoof; Royer; Ruddle; Runkle; Runnion; Rush; Rust; Rutherford; Rutledge; Ryan; Sager; Saigh; Sala; Salvage; Samples; Samuels; Sandy; Sanger; Saylor; Scantling; Scott; Seachrist; Seck; Seekfut; Seever; Seevily; Seevy; Self; Sellars; Serrick; Severns; Shackleford; Shank; Shanklin; Shaver; Sheets; Sheetz; Shell; Sheltman; Shep; Shepherd; Sheridan; Sheriyah; Shick; Shifflett; Shipman; Shirey; Shoemake; Shoemaker; Short; Shoub; Shoulderman; Shouman; Shover; Showalter; Shrekengost; Shroyer; Shrum; Shular; Shultz; Siggler; Silfoos; Sipe; Sites; Slater; Slusher; Smalts; Smelser; Smiley; Smith; Snapp; Snell; Snider; Snodden; Snyder; Solomon; Somerville; Sonafrank; Sourbeer; Sourwine; Southard; Spader; Spangler; Spealman; Speck; Spilkey; Spitzer; Spraker; Sprinkle; Stalp; Stanton; Steffey; Stephens; Stigletter; Stitzer; Stoneburner; Stoner; Stoop; Stooter; Stoutemire; Strickler; Strine; Strock; Strole; Stroop; Stultz; Stumbaugh; Sufferance; Sullenbarger; Sullivan; Sulser; Summers; Swaney; Swank; Swanson; Swatts; Swingland; Switezer; Swoope; Tafflinger; Tallbert; Tallman; Tappy; Tate; Taylor; Taylor ; Teeny; Tellcart; Tellman; Terry; Tharman; Tharp; Thomas; Thompson; Thornhill; Thornkill; Thornton; Thorp; Tinder; Tingley; Tinkle; Tinsley; Tomah; Toppin; Trissell; Trobaugh; Trout; Trumbo; Trump; Turley; Turner; Tussinger; Tutweiler; Twitchett; Urner; Utes; Utezler; Vance; Vanpelt; Verble; Vickars; Vigar; Wade; Waggie; Waggoner; Walden; Wallace; Ward; Warely; Waren; Warkin; Washington; Wasson; Waterman; Watson; Weakly; Weaver; Webb; Weller; Welsh; Welshhauntz; West; Westfall; Wetzal; Wheelbarger; Wheeler; Whisler; Whissleman; White; Whitehurst; Whitmore; Wice; Widick; Wilcher; Will; Williams; Williamson; Willoby; Wills; Wilson; Wine; Winegord; Wines; Winger; Wirts; Witezal; Witezel; Witzal; Wolfe; Wooden; Woodford; Woodley; Woods; Wright; Wyan; Yager; Yakle; Yancey; Yancy; Yates; Yost; Young; Yount; Zanes; Zerkle; Zimmerman; Zimmers; and Zirkle.
[RK10] $11.00     (printed version)
The above title is also available as a digital e-book in PDF format:        HOW TO ORDER
[ERK10] $8.00     (electronic version)
ROCKINGHAM COUNTY, VIRGINIA 1850 FEDERAL CENSUS
(Contains the free population census, slave census, mortality
schedule, and social statistics.) Transcribed by the Harrisonburg-Rockingham Historical
Society. 1997, 400 pages, appendices, index.
Beginning in 1850, the Federal Census listed the names of all in the household, instead of just the
names of the head of household. This book includes all of the information in the
1850 free census except for the three columns of "married within the year, attended school
within the year, and over the age of 21 and can't read and write." Using the typed and indexed
form of the census makes it easier to find ancestors and other useful information. To double-
check the accuracy, a researcher should check the microfilm to verify the typed data. If your
local public library does not have the Rockingham County census microfilm, you can usually
request it through interlibrary loan for a small fee.
Look for all possible spellings of the name. The Historical Society Publication
Committee for this project was composed of three people with Rockingham County
connections who were familiar with local names. However, the old style writing was faded and
difficult to decipher in some places.
In 1850 other census information was also collected in different schedules. Three of the other
schedules are included here. The slave schedule which is
transcribed here lists the owners and the age, sex, and race of every slave. The
mortality schedule was to include names and other data on residents
who died in the twelve months before June 1, 1850. Since the State of Virginia did not require
deaths and births to be recorded until 1853, this mortality schedule may give death dates that
are unavailable elsewhere. The social statistics give a snapshot of
economic and social conditions in the county. For instance, there were no libraries but there
were 97 common schools with 1970 pupils. There were 30 church buildings in the county and
two newspapers. The year 1850 must have had a poor growing season, for the corn crop
produced half of the usual yield.
ROCKINGHAM CO., VA MEN IN GRAY
compiled by Thomas M. Spratt. 2 volumes, 1995, xix, 615
pages, index. This massive undertaking not only reproduces the service record of the nearly two
thousand Confederate soldiers from Rockingham County who served in all the theaters of combat,
but it also gives extremely valuable information regarding the soldier's family. whenever possible,
the author has searched out birth and death dates, as well as places when known; the wife's name
and her vital statistics; parents' names; children, and their spouses, and a wealth of other
miscellaneous information. Several appendices contain the soldiers' names with their unit
designations for quick reference; and an extensive bibliography. Persons with relations in
Rockingham will find this a treasure trove of information. This is the third volume in the Valley of
Virginia Confederate Series by this author; see also Shenandoah and Page Counties.
[Rkmg] 2 vol. set $41.95
INDEX TO THE 1880 ROCKINGHAM COUNTY, VIRGINIA CENSUS
by Patricia Turner Ritchie. iv, 178 pages. The compiler of this index utilized microfilm copies of the original
census lists and has rendered a careful and accurate indexing of all persons in the county at that time. To help
pinpoint a location more accurately, she used the town instead of just listing the district. As anyone who has
worked with 1880 censuses is aware, this is of great benefit because of the very poor handwriting and condition
of the original lists.
ROCKINGHAM COUNTY MARRIAGES, 1778-1850
John Vogt & T. William Kethley, Jr. 1984, ix, 433 pages, indices, figure, map. Like Rockbridge and
Shenandoah counties, Rockingham's formation in 1778 was part of a major division of the two frontier counties
of Augusta and Frederick during the American Revolution. 5,526 marriage records and bonds have been
abstracted in the current volume from registers in the Virginia State Library, Archives Division. Accompanying
data includes ministers' names, parents, and occasional bondsmen.
Rockingham Co. 1815 Directory of Landowners
by Roger G. Ward. 2005. 41 pages, map, 5 1/2X8 1/2.
For a full description of the 1815 LAND DIRECTORY Records and a listing of available counties, see:
Individual County Booklets, 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners
Rockingham Co. Revolutionary Public Claims
transcribed by Janice L. Abercrombie and Richard Slatten.. 2005. 45 pages, 5 1/2X8 1/2.
For a full description of the Virginia Revolutionary Public Claims and a listing of available counties, see:
Revolutionary "Publick" Claims series
[Pc60] $7.25     (printed version)
The above title is also available as a digital e-book in PDF format:        HOW TO ORDER
[EPc60] $4.00     (electronic version)
For more records pertaining to ROCKINGHAM COUNTY, VIRGINIA see also:
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