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Augusta County Virginia

Map of Va: Augusta CountyThis new county west of the mountains was named in honor of Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, Princess of Wales and mother of King George III. At the time of Augusta County's creation from Orange County in November, 1738 and its commencing to function as a separate entity in 1745, the new county technically included all of Virginia's land claims from the top of the Blue Ridge Mountains north, west and south. Today the area comprises more than twenty-one Virginia counties and most of the counties in West Virginia, as well as the state of Kentucky! The first separation of territory from Augusta occurred in 1754 when the portion of Lord Fairfax's Northern Neck proprietary within Augusta's limits was transferred to Frederick County, thus making Augusta's boundary that of the western limits of the Northern Neck. The northern boundary fell along the present Rockingham-Shenandoah County border. Botetourt County was cut from Augusta lands in 1769 and included all of Augusta County south of a line run through the middle of Rockbridge and Bath counties. At some time before 1776, West Augusta District was created from Augusta's lands around Pittsburgh; in 1778 Illinois County was created from the land claimed by Virginia north of the Ohio River and technically a part of Augusta County. Further divisions of Augusta came with the creation of the new counties of Rockingham (1778), Rockbridge (1778), Pendleton (1788), and Bath (1791) until, following 1791, Augusta achieved its present size.

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Augusta County,Virginia 1810 Federal Census: A Transcription
John Vogt, 2008, revised 2013 ix, 56 pp., map, illus., arranged by rough alpha letter, 8 1/2 x 11 format, with an every-name index. The census includes separate lists for the rural county census as well as the communities of Staunton, Waynesboro, Greenville, and Middlebrook.
Census returns are some of the first records that a genealogist turns to when studying a new family line. Unfortunately for Augusta County, as well as Virginia as a whole, both the 1790 and 1800 census reports for that state are lost. While the reason for their loss is argued, they nevertheless no longer exist. While personal property tax and land tax lists (which date from 1782) can be used to give some information about individuals, they do not give the researcher a glimpse into family composition or a snapshot of the county as a whole. Hence Augusta’s 1810 census is the first real window we have from the census records of this county which had been first settled in the early eighteenth century and whose original boundaries once stretched beyond the Ohio River. .
With the advent of the computer age and the publication of most of these early censuses, one would expect that many of the genealogist’s problems would be resolved. Unfortunately, this has not happened. While many researchers rely completely upon online census records, these are often flawed by misread names and missing names altogether. The problem is the difficult reading of the documents, which often are written in a tight, cramped hand and with a myriad of possible readings. The close similarity between “S’ and “L,” “F” and “T”, and recognizing the secretarial s, which appears as “ss” in the middle of words but not as an ending, can lead to nightmares in translation. Oftentimes, there is no distinction between an “e”, an “o”, and an “a” unless the reader is familiar with the family names within the document. These are only a few visual issues facing the transcriber. The author has been fortunate to have a professional background in paleography and history, both medieval and modern. In transcribing the current volume, comparison was made with other documents, as well as carefully examining each questionable character under magnification to ascertain the true intent of the writer. In the process, it became apparent that sometimes the census recorder himself was not familiar with strange-sounding German names or heavy Scottish brogues. One spelling would appear in the first encounter with the family, and then later on in the document a different spelling would be given for the same family surname. In brief, computerized lists, while useful, do not give a total and accurate picture of the data. The census was recorded on one hundred folios in a small script, and herein lies the problem with “a”, “e” and “o” in the body of a name. Only by carefully examining the transitions between characters can an accurate reading be obtained.

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[Ag10] $11.00     (paper version)

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[EAg10] $7.00     (electronic version)

NORTHERN NECK (LAND) WARRANTS & SURVEYS, 1730-1754: ORANGE & AUGUSTA COUNTIES, WITH TITHABLES, DELINQUENTS AND PETITIONERS by Peggy Shomo Joyner. 1985, xxv, 73 pp. Published as the first volume in a series of Northern Neck Warrants & Surveys, this collection has become a standard reference work for researchers in the period of colonial Augusta County history and that of its parent county, Orange.

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[Nnw1] $17.00

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[ENnw1] $11.00     (electronic version)

ABSTRACT OF AUGUSTA COUNTY, VIRGINIA DEATH REGISTERS,1853-1896 Margaret C. Reese. 1983 (retypeset in new edition, 2015), vii, 204 pages, introduction. The Death Registers of Augusta County, Virginia are complete except for the year 1863 and the Pastures District, 1880 and 1888.
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[Augd] $24.50

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[EAugd] $15.00     (electronic version)

AUGUSTA COUNTY MARRIAGES, 1748-1850 John Vogt & T. William Kethley, Jr. 1986, ix, 414 pages, indices, figure, appendix, map. Augusta County was formed from Orange County in 1738 and originally encompassed all western lands of Virginia beyond the Blue Ridge Mountains and south of Frederick County. This volume contains 5,244 marriage records (bonds, licenses, or ministers' returns).

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[Augu] $32.00

THE FEDERAL CENSUS OF 1850 FOR AUGUSTA CO., VA. transcribed by Dorothy Lee Weaver. 1991, 404 pages, everyname index. The book includes about 20,000 free inhabitants and is transcribed in the household order in which it was taken.

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[AG50] $32.00

HERE LYETH: TOMBSTONE INSCRIPTIONS OF MOST CEMETERIES IN RIVERHEADS DISTRICT OF SOUTHERN AUGUSTA COUNTY AND STAUNTON, VA. by Dorothy Lee Weaver. 1987, 288 pages, index, maps. The book includes all cemeteries not previously published or recorded in the Riverheads District (including the areas of Middlebrook, Greenville, Newport and Steeles Tavern).

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[HERE] $31.95

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Augusta Co. 1815 Directory of Landowners by Roger G. Ward. 2005. 40 pages, map, 5 1/2X8 1/2.
For a full description of the 1815 LAND DIRECTORY Records and a listing of available counties, see:
Individual County Booklets, 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners
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[Vd06] $9.00

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[EVd06] $6.00     (electronic version)

Augusta Co. Revolutionary Public Claims transcribed by Janice L. Abercrombie and Richard Slatten.. 2005. 38 pages, 5 1/2X8 1/2.

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For a full description of the Virginia Revolutionary Public Claims and a listing of available counties, see: Revolutionary "Publick" Claims series
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[Pc05] $6.00     (paper version)

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[EPc05] $3.50     (electronic version)

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