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Tazewell County Virginia
Tazewell County was formed in 1800 from portions of Russell and Wythe counties. The new county was named for Henry Tazewell, United States senator from Virginia from 1794 until his death in 1799. Russell gave an additional parcel to Tazewell in 1807. Logan County, formed in 1824, took its territory from Tazewell. In 1835 a portion of Russell County was added to Tazewell, and in 1836 a single farm was transferred from Tazewell to Giles jurisdiction. The following year, in 1837 Mercer County was created from portions of Tazewell and Giles counties. Buchanan and McDowell counties took additional parts of Tazewell in 1858. After that Tazewell's boundaries reached their current position.
For a better understanding of county boundary changes, see our new section Virginia in Maps
TAZEWELL COUNTY, VA 1810 SUBSTITUTE CENSUS [Abstracts from the 1810 Personal Property Tax List]
by John Vogt, 2011, 5 1/2"x8 1/2" format, viii, 6 pages, map.
Tazewell is one of eighteen Virginia counties for which the 1810 census is lost. In August, 1814 British troops occupied Washington, DC and public buildings were put to the torch. In the destruction that followed, numerous early records of the government were lost, including all of Virginia’s 1790 and 1800 census reports, as well as eighteen county lists for the state's most recent  federal census. Although two “fair copies” of each county’s census had been left in the counties for public display, these were ephemeral lists and not preserved, and by 1814 they too had been mislaid, lost, or destroyed. Hence, the closest document available we have to reconstruct a partial image of the missing county lists is the personal property tax list.
According to research notes by Minor T. Weisiger, Library of Virginia archivist:
“Information recorded in Virginia personal property tax records changed gradually from 1782 to 1865. The early laws required the tax commissioner in each district to record in “a fair alphabetical list” the names of the person chargeable with the tax, the names of white male tithables over the age of twenty-one, the number of white male tithables between ages sixteen and twenty-one, the number of slaves both above and below age sixteen, various types of animals such as horses and cattle, carriage wheels, ordinary licenses, and even billiard tables. Free Negroes are listed by name and often denoted in the list as “free” or “FN.”
The present abstract of Tazewell's 1810 personal property tax list is NOT a transcript of the entire document; rather, it is a summary of three items important in delineating the 1810 "substitute" census for this county, i.e., number of male tithables 16 and older, number of slaves twelve years and older, and the number of horses. The original form of the census was in alphabetic order by date and letter [see example on page vi below]. The substitute list presented here is in absolute alphabetic order for easy reference.
In the current volume, the data is recorded thus:
Coleman, Cain                           1          -          -
Coleman, Obadiah & his sons,
James, John, &
Anderson                           4          6        9
Coleman, William &
Coleman, Whitehead        2        21        25
Column one represents the tithable males (16 and over) in the household; column 2 is the number of slaves over 12; and the final column is the number of horses, mares or mules.
For genealogical researchers in this 1810 period, personal property tax records may provide additional important information. Oftentimes, juniors and seniors are listed adjacent to one another and recorded on the same day. When a taxpayer is noted as “exempt”, it can be a clue to someone holding a particular position in government or being elderly, infirm, or for some other reason no longer required to pay the tithable tax. Women, both black and white, appear occasionally as heads of households when they own property in their own right or as the widow of a property owner.
Another valuable source for filling in information about an ancestor is the land tax record, and especially the one for 1815. In that year, the enumerators began to add the location of the property in relation to the county court house. Roger Ward has abstracted all of the 1815 land tax records, and they are available from this publisher at www.iberian.com.
The 1810 substitute census list for Tazewell County contains 453 households, 537 tithables, both white and free black, and 173 slaves over the age of twelve, and 1,751 horses.
SURNAMES included in the 1810 personal property list are:
Adams; Adkins; Allen; Alsup; Arnal; Aronhart; Asbury; Ashbury; Ashby;
Bailey; Balden; Baley; Ballew; Bandy; Barker; Barnet; Barns; Been; Belcher; Belsha; Belsher; Beverly; Bevers; Biggs; Blankenship; Bolen; Bostick; Boswell.; Bowen; Brooks; Brown; Bruster; Burgman; Burriss;
Cambel; Carter; Cartmill; Cassady; Day; Cecil; Christian; Chriswell; Clapole; Clark; Coleman; Conley; Corder; Correl; Crage; Crawford; Crockett; Cumpton;
Daly; Deskin; Davidson; Davis; Day; Deskins; Dills; Doake; Dolsbury; Dotson; Drake;
Fannon; Fletcher; Flummer; Fortner; Fox; Francisco;
Garrison; George; Gibson; Gillespie; Godfrey; Godfry; Golsby; Gooden; Goss; Green; Grenup; Griffith; Griffitts; Grudd;
Hager; Haley; Hall; Hankins; Hanson; Harman; Harman; Harper; Harrison; Harriss; Hartwell; Havens; Hedrick; Helvy; Heninger; Hicks; Higginbotham; Higginbothum; Hinkle; Hortain; Husk;
Jeffry; Jent; Johnston; Jones; Justice;
Kidd; Kindle; Kindrick; King; Kirk; Kook;
Laird; Lambert; Lasley; Lee; Lester; Likens; Lockhart; Lortain; Lusk; Luster;
Marlow; Mars; Martain; Matney; Maxwell; McCurdy; McDowel; McGuire; Mclngtosh; McMillin; Meloney; Merman; Messersmith; Milum; Mitchel; Moor; Morgan; Murry;
Neel; Newton; Nuckels;
O'Danold; Oney; Ony; Owens;
Patten; Peery; Perry; Pleasant; Power; Prater; Pruet; Pruett;
Ratliff; Reignhart; Reyburn; Right; Robinson; Runnion;
Sanders; Sawyers; Shannon; Shortridge; Simpson; Skaggs; Slater; Smith; Smythe; Steel; Stephenson; Stiltner; Stobauck; Stowers; Stump; Suiter; Suter; Swader;
Taylor; Thompson; Thorn; Tifney; Todd; Tomblenson; Totten; Trent; Trout; Turner;
Vandyke; Vincel; Vinsle;
Waggoner; Walls; Ward; Webb; Weltch; Whit; White; Whitley; Williams; Wilson; Wilton; Witten; Workman; Wynne;
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SELECTED DEATH RECORDS OF SOUTHWEST VIRGINIANS WHO DIED IN MISSOURI (OR WERE RELATED TO THOSE WHO DIED IN MISSOURI (with additions from Iowa and Sullivan County/East Tennessee)
Researched by Thomas Jack Hockett; Abstracted & compiled by by Donald W. Helton. iv,220pp., every-name index (8.25" x 10.75" paperback). These deaths are taken from a variety of sources and methods employed, including "hunt and seek", census, on-line sources at Rootsweb, Ancestry, IGI, Family Genealogy Forums, censuses, etc. and the very valuable Missouri Death Certificates 1912-1958 which are generously available online. These deaths of mid and extreme SW VA people in MO during the subject time likely represent only a fraction of the deaths which could be ferreted out with difficulty employing 2-4 sources (in conjunction) in conjunction. The work represents considerable labor (not to mention eye-strain) and it is hoped it will bolster further the efforts to document the migration of SW VA persons”.
During the process of abstracting and compiling the death records listed herein, instances of conflict occurred between the certificate and additional information found on-line. The information is entered as found. Any such conflicts are left to the discretion of the reader to reconcile.
Table of contents
Missouri Deaths from
Washington County       1
Wythe Co., Va      43
Russell Co., Va      56
Grayson/Carroll Cos., VA       80
Smyth Co., Va      85
Tazewell Co., Va      101
Lee Co., Va      118
Scott Co., Va      138
Dickenson Co., Va      151
Buchanan Co., Va      154
Miscellaneous Deaths from southwest Va.      181
Iowa Deaths from Southwest Virginia      193
Alphabetical Index      202
Tazewell Co. 1815 Directory of Landowners
by Roger G. Ward. 2005. 14 pages, map, 5 1/2X8 1/2.
For a full description of the 1815 LAND DIRECTORY Records and a listing of available counties, see:
Individual County Booklets, 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners
For records pertaining to Tazewell COUNTY, VIRGINIA see:
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