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Louisa County Virginia
Louisa County was established on 1 Dec. 1742 from the portion of Hanover County lying above the mouth of Little Rocky Creek on the North Anna River. The new county honored the Queen of Denmark, daughter of King George II. From Louisa's new land in 1761 came the northern half of the newly created Albemarle County, and at that time Louisa reached its present configuration.
Louisa's records are complete, with the exception of the current court order book for the 1860s, which went to Richmond and was believed destroyed in the evacuation of the city. The county's deed book for the 1860s period was carried off as a souvenir by Federal troops, but was later recovered in a Baltimore hotel and bought back by the County Board of supervisors for $25!
For a better understanding of county boundary changes, see our new section Virginia in Maps
LOUISA COUNTY, VA 1810 "SUBSTITUTE CENSUS" [Abstracts from the 1810 Personal Property Tax List]
by John Vogt, 2010, 5 1/2"x 8 1/2" format, viii, 14 pages, map.
Louisa is one of eighteen Virginia counties for which the 1810 census is lost. In August, 1814 British troops occupied Washington, DC and public buildings were put to the torch. In the destruction that followed, numerous early records of the government were lost, including all of Virginia’s 1790 and 1800 census reports, as well as eighteen county lists for the state's most recent  federal census. Although two “fair copies” of each county’s census had been left in the counties for public display, these were ephemeral lists and not preserved, and by 1814 they too had been mislaid, lost, or destroyed. Hence, the closest document available we have to reconstruct a partial image of the missing county lists is the personal property tax list.
According to research notes by Minor T. Weisiger, Library of Virginia archivist:
“Information recorded in Virginia personal property tax records changed gradually from 1782 to 1865. The early laws required the tax commissioner in each district to record in “a fair alphabetical list” the names of the person chargeable with the tax, the names of white male tithables over the age of twenty-one, the number of white male tithables between ages sixteen and twenty-one, the number of slaves both above and below age sixteen, various types of animals such as horses and cattle, carriage wheels, ordinary licenses, and even billiard tables. Free Negroes are listed by name and often denoted in the list as “free” or “FN.”
The present abstract of Louisa's 1810 personal property tax list is NOT a transcript of the entire document; rather, it is a summary of three items important in delineating the 1810 "substitute" census for this county, i.e., number of male tithables 16 and older, number of slaves twelve years and older, and the number of horses. The original form of the census was in alphabetic order by date and letter. The substitute list presented here is in absolute alphabetic order for easy reference.
In the current volume, the data is recorded thus:
Armstrong, William 1 - -,
to indicate one tithable male, no slaves over 12, and no horses, mares or mules.
For genealogical researchers in this 1810 period, personal property tax records may provide additional important information. Oftentimes, juniors and seniors are listed adjacent to one another and recorded on the same day. When a taxpayer is noted as “exempt”, it can be a clue to someone holding a particular position in government or being elderly, infirm, or for some other reason no longer required to pay the tithable tax. Women, both black and white, appear occasionally as heads of households when they own property in their own right or as the widow of a property owner.
Another valuable source for filling in information about an ancestor is the land tax record, and especially the one for 1815. In that year, the enumerators began to add the location of the property in relation to the county court house. Thus “Armstrong, William”, who was living with only himself as a tithable in 1810, would appear in the land tax list as Armstrong, William, with four other Armstrongs living nearby (John Sr., John Jr., Lancelott, and William (Jr.), all residing on Cubb Creek west of the main east-west road through Louisa and halfway between the Louisa court house and the Hanover county line. Roger Ward has abstracted all of the 1815 land tax records, and they are available from this publisher below.
The 1810 substitute census list for Louisa County contains 1,113 households, 1,309 tithables, both white and free black, 3,486 slaves over the age of twelve, and 2,813 horses.
SURNAMES included in the 1810 personal property list are:
Abraham (FN); Adams; Ailstock; Akew; Albright; Allen; Almond; Alvis; Ambler; Anderson; Anthony; Applebe; Armstrong; Arnett; Arnold; Astin; Atkins; Atkison; Austin
Bagby; Bagett; Bailey; Bain; Baker; Baley; Barbie; Barret; Barrett; Baughan; Beach; Beck; Beedles; Beeles; Bell; Belomy; Bibb; Bickley; Biggar; Bird; Blackwell; Boid; Bond; Borden; Bourn; Bourne; Bowles; Bowling; Bowls; Boxley; Boyers; Bradford; Bragg; Bramham; Branham; Brittain; Bronaugh; Brook; Brooks; Brown; Bullock; Bumpass; Bunch; Burnley; Burrus; Butler
Callis; Campbell; Captain; Carlton; Carpenter; Carroll; Carver; Cash; Cason; Chambers; Chapman; Chewning; Chick; Chiles; Chisholm; Chisler; Christmas; Christmus; Chuning; Clark; Clarke; Clayton; Cloughf; Coats; Cobb; Cock; Cocks; Coghill; Cole; Collins; Cook; Cooper; Corley; Cosby; Cowherd; Cranke; Crawford; Crenshaw; Cross; Cruse; Culp
Dabney; Dalton; Daniel; Dashper; Davis; Day; Dickenson; Dickinson; Diggs; Dobbs; Dobson; Dolton; Dowls; Downing; Draper; Dudley; Duggin; Duglass; Duke; Dunkins; Dunn; Dunnavant; Dunnavent
Edds; Edwards; Eggleston; Estis; Etan
Farguson; Faris; Farrer; Fielding; Flanagan; Flanagin; Fleeman; Fleming; Fletcher; Ford; Fortson; Fortune; Foster; Fox; Freeman; Freiman; Fulshar; Fuqua
Gardner; Garland; Garrett; Garrott; Gasney; Gentrey; Gentry; Gibson; Gilbert; Gilliam; Ginnings; Glasby; Glass; Glen; Going; Gooch; Goodman; Goodwin; Gordon; Grady; Graven; Graves; Gray; Grinstead; Grinsted; Groom; Grubbs; Grubs; Gunnel; Gunter; Gustin
Hackett; Haines; Hall; Halsall; Hambleton; Hancock; Hardin; Hardwood; Harlow; Harper; Harris; Hart; Hartsoak; Hawkins; Head; Henderson; Hendrake; Henley; Henson; Hester; Hinche; Hines; Hodges; Hogg; Hoggard; Holland; Holliday; Hollins; Hope; Hopkins; Hord; Houchins; Howchins; Hubbard; Hughson; Humphrey; Hunter; Hutcherson
Jackson; Jennings; Johnson; Jones; Jordone
Keen; Kenedy; Kennon; Kenny; Kent; Kersey; Kimbrough; King; Knighten; Kunl
Lacey; Landrum; Lanford; Lasley; Lawrence; Lea; Lee; Lefaunt; Lemay; Leneve; Lewis; Lindsay; Linny; Lipscomb; Locker; Loid; Long; Looring; Lowrey; Lowry; Loyl; Lucas; Luck; Lumsden
Madison; Mallory; Man; Mann; Mansfield; Mantloe; Markes; Martin; Massee; Matthew; Maury; May; McAllister; McDaniel; McGehee; Meade; Meed; Meeks; Melton; Meriwether; Merriwether; Michie; Mill; Mills; Minor; Mitchell; Morris; Morton; Mosby; Moss; Munday; Murphy
Napier; Nash; Nelson; Norman; Nuckolls
Padget; Painter; Parish; Parrott; Parsons; Patterson; Pears; Peay; Peers; Pendleton; Pennington; Perce; Perkins; Perry; Peter; Pettus; Philips; Plant; Pleasants; Poindexter; Porter; Pottee; Powers; Price; Pulleam; Pulliam
Ragland; Ratliff; Rayner; Reatherford; Red; Reddy; Rennolds; Reynolds; Rice; Richardson; Right; Rigsby; Rion; Roberts; Robertson; Rowe; Rowlins
Sandidge; Sargent; Saunders; Scott; Seay; Self; Sexton; Sharp; Sharpe; Shealds; Shelbourn; Shelton; Shepherd; Shepherdson; Shirley; Sims; Slayden; Sled; Smith; Sneed; Snelson; Southworth; Spicer; Sprouce; Stephen; Steward; Stone; Stovers; Strong; Stubbs; Swift
Talley; Tally; Tate; Taylor; Terrell; Terrill; Terry; Thacker; Thomas; Thomason; Thompson; Thomson; Tiler; Timberlake; Tisdale; Toler; Tolloh; Trainum; Tranham; Travilian; Trice; Trower; Trueheart; Turner; Tyler; Tyre
Waddy; Wade; Waldrope; Waldroup; Walker; Waller; Wallis; Walton; Ward; Ware; Warren; Wash; Watkins; Watson; Webb; Webster; Wesley; Wharton; Whealer; White; Whitlock; Whitten; Williams; Willis; Willoughby; Wilshire; Winkefield; Winston; Wood; Woodger; Wright; Wyatt
Yancey; Yancy; Young
[LSPP] $4.50     (printed version)
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[ELSPP] $3.00     (electronic version)
LOUISA COUNTY, VA DEATH RECORDS, 1853-1896
by Janice Abercrombie, 1997, 5"x8" format, 380 pages, index, taken from a
film of the original register maintained by the county clerk. They are presented as they appear on the film with
one exception: the clerk at some times wrote them surname, given names and at other times given name,
surname. Obviously, people do not die in alphabetical order, so these records must have been copied from
some other entry book or certificates. It contains the records of the Woodward Funeral Home from 1907-1911,
a supplement to the clerk's record. Begun in the 1880s, the earliest extant book dates from 1907.
COHABITATION LISTS OF FORMER SLAVES IN GOOCHLAND, HANOVER, AND LOUISA COUNTIES, VIRGINIA, AS RECORDED BY THE FREEDMEN'S BUREAU
Transcribed by Janice Abercrombie, 2002, 8"x11"
format, 140 pages, index.In February, 1866 the General Assembly passed an act that called for the registration of marriages of former slaves who wished to have their unions recorded
This fell under the jurisdiction of the Freedmen's Bureau. These lists provide an unparalleled window into the patterns of slave marriages. For example, in the Hanover list, in addition to the ages and full names
of husband and wife, it records the date and place of marriage, the couple's places of birth and residence, marital status (single or widowed), and husband's occupation. The Goochland and Louisa lists record similar date in most cases.
LOUISA COUNTY, VA JUDGMENTS, 1770-1790
by Janice Abercrombie, 1998, 8"x11"
format, 205 pages, index, taken from a film of the original register maintained
by the county clerk. They consisted originally of loose papers in no particular
order except in a generalchronological order. The reel and reel frame is given
so a researcher can go to each case. The compiler has also made an index citing
name, reel, frame and date for just about everyone mentioned in all of the
suits on these rolls of film. There are about 21,000 separate entries in this
index. Of course, some names are mentioned several times.
WARTIME LETTERS OF LOUISA COUNTY, VIRGINIA: THE COOKE FAMILY PAPERS, 1859-1866
transcribed and annotated by Pattie Cooke. 1997, 158 pages, photos.
The Cooke family legacy consists of the letters
and family papers of Arthur Bledsoe Cooke, which begin with his mother's teenage years in 1859, prior to the Civil War, and end
with his death in 1947.
This book includes a set of letters written at the time of the Civil War. The war letters were written
to Sallie Farrar Anderson Cooke before her marriage, between 1859 and 1866.
Arthur Cooke was born into a home which was part of a large community of cousins, aunts and
uncles. The earliest letters delve into that world.
Beginning in 1859 the correspondence to Sallie Farrar Anderson introduces the
many people who made up her world, most of whom were also important in her son's life.
There are no letters from Sallie during the 1859-1866 period. The only letters from Sallie started when Arthur
was at The University in 1894 and continued until her death in 1899. This book contains only the Civil War
letters. They concern Sallie's family and friends, who later became the adult models of Arthur's childhood and
formative years. It is from this family and rural community that he found the strength to excel.
The families represented in the letters consist of small farmers and artisans. Sallie's
Uncle William Carter was the only one who professed a desire for a higher status, striving for
the "plantation" life.
The letters are not the only sources of information. Sallie's first cousin, Pattie Carter Dettor wrote
a "diary" later in life about her youth. Sallie's brother Carter S. Anderson wrote
articles about his service on the Central Virginia Railroad during the war. These articles were
later made into a book called Trains running for the Confederacy. Her uncle
William Scott Carter wrote long letters to the editor in the Gordonsville Gazette
in the 1870s. It is rare to find such a large amount of corroborating information concerning the
life of a small farm family. Also Arthur Cooke wrote a book for his children about life in postwar Virginia. He
best and most eloquently captured the spirit of the community.
The topics broached in the letters are consistent with any generation of young single and married
people. They write about everyday life, their dreams and feelings. The young men joined the army because of
their loyalty to independence and because it provided jobs.
Through the letters the reader comes to know three communities, two in Louisa; Melton's and Gum Springs,
and one in Albemarle county, Ivy Depot. The two newest communities, Melton's and Ivy Depot were
dependent on the railroad for jobs and transportation. The railroad was also a factor in their day to day life.
All the writers made very clear their reliance on religion to sustain them through the tragedies in their life and
the extra burden of war. The letters reveal the co-dependency of men and women and the communities
reliance on their family and neighbors. The result was an interlocking network that blurred the lines of
possession between one family and another. Members felt as wealthy as their wealthiest neighbor.
The Anderson family letters capture the intangible quality and intensity of rural
Community feeling and religion in a time of strife. Throughout the letters are examples of
families sharing losses, goods, labor and love. It was this mutual support that made the war
bearable, and, with the help of God, they survived the war with remarkably few scars.
FREE BLACKS OF LOUISA COUNTY, VA: BONDS, WILLS & OTHER RECORDS
transcribed by Janice Luck Abercrombie. 1993, vi, 193 pages, index. Ms. Abercrombie pulls
together in this volume records on free blacks in Louisa, drawing from a number of sources as
early as wills in the 1780s and records of free blacks during the Civil War. An important volume
for black researchers and social historians interested in this aspect of Virginia's rich cultural
LOUISA COUNTY, VIRGINIA 1850 FEDERAL CENSUS
Transcribed by Marty Hiatt & Craig Roberts Scott. 1995, 201 pages, index. A faithful
transcription of the first census which included all family members and not merely heads of
households. Includes age, sex, race, occupation, place of birth, and valuable fiscal data.
Louisa Co. 1815 Directory of Landowners
by Roger G. Ward. 2005. 34 pages, map, 5 1/2X8 1/2.
For a full description of the 1815 LAND DIRECTORY Records and a listing of available counties, see:
Individual County Booklets, 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners
Louisa Co. Revolutionary Public Claims
transcribed by Janice L. Abercrombie and Richard Slatten.. 2005. 73 pages, 5 1/2X8 1/2.
For a full description of the Virginia Revolutionary Public Claims and a listing of available counties, see:
Revolutionary "Publick" Claims series
[Pc41] $8.75     (printed version)
The above title is also available as a digital e-book in PDF format:        HOW TO ORDER
[EPc41] $6.00     (electronic version)
For more records pertaining to LOUISA COUNTY, VIRGINIA see also:
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