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Buckingham County Virginia


Map of Va: Buckingham CountyBuckingham County was established on 1 May 1761 from the southeastern portion of Albemarle County lying south of the James River. It was probably named for its namesake, Buckinghamshire, in England. According to some sources, the name came from the estate of Archibald Cary. Called Buckingham, on what was then Willis’s Creek. In 1778 a small triangular area bordering the James River was given to Cumberland County. In 1845 part was taken from Buckingham to form the northern portion of Appomattox County. A final adjustment of the Appomattox-Buckingham county line was made in 1860, and Buckingham's borders became fixed in their present form. A fire at the court house in Buckingham in 1869 destroyed most of the early records of this county.

[SEE ALSO Bath Parish Register, 1827-1897 and St. Andrew's Parish Vestry Book 1732-1797 under Dinwiddie County


For a better understanding of county boundary changes, see our new section Virginia in Maps

BUCKINGHAM CO., VA 1810 CENSUS transcribed, with an index by John Vogt. 10 1/2 x 8 1/2, x, 38 pages, illustrations, maps, index.. This is the first surviving census for Buckingham, since both the 1790 and 1800 censuses have been lost. A complete index is included for easy access. Buckingham was an important Southside county with a heavy slave population, and the census record covers 1,303 households. The manuscript itself is in poor condition, with more than one-third of the pages which are very difficult to decipher. However, by careful comparison, every name in the document has been recovered. This document should be a complement to the fine work of Roger Ward (below) on land taxes in the county.


Family names included in the 1810 Buckingham census are listed below:

Abbott; Abell; Abrahams; Adams; Adcock; Adcocke; Agee; Aiken; Aikers; Allen; Alvis; Aminet; Amos; Anderson; Apperson; Arington; Austin; Ayres; Baber; Badget; Bagby; Bailey; Baird; Ballowe; Banks; Banton; Barns; Baskerville; Beazley; Beckham; Bell; Benford; Berryman; Beverly; Bibb; Bigbie; Bishop; Blakey; Blankenship; Blankenson; Blanks; Boatwright; Boaze; Bococke; Bolling; Bolton; Bondurant; Boram; Bowman; Boyd; Bradey; Bradley; Branch; Branon; Bransford; Bridgwater; Britt; Brooks; Brown; Bryant; Buck; Burch; Burgess; Burks; Burnett; Burton; Buster; Butler; Buxton; Cabell; Califf; Call; Carey; Carson; Carter; Cason; Catlet; Catrell; Chamberlain; Chambers; Chancellar; Charlton; Chastain; Chaudoin; Cheanault; Chenault; Childres; Chiles; Christian; Clapton; Clarke; Clibon; Clopton; Cobbs; Coffee; Coleman; Conner; Cook; Couch; Coulter; Coupland; Courtney; Cousins; Cox; Crane; Crews; Cunningham; Curd; Curry; Davenport; Davidson; Davis; Dawson; Day; Derham; Deshazar; Dibrel; Dillard; Diuguid; Doling; Donald; Doss; Drew; Drinkard; Druin; Duncan; Duval; East; Edwards; Elcan; Eldridge; Epps; Evans; Falwell; Faris; Farler; Farmer; Fearn; Ferguson; Fields; Flood; Floor; Flowers; Forbush; Ford; Fore; Forsee; Foster; Fowler; Francis; Freeland; Freeman; Freman; Fry; Fuqua; Gairy; Galden; Gallaway; Ganes; Gannaway; Gardner; Garnet; Garret; Garrot; Gay; Gilliam; Gills; Gipson; Glover; Godsey; Goff; Going; Goode; Goodin; Gordan; Gorden; Graham; Gregory; Grizzle; Guerrant; Gunter; Guthrey; Hacket; Hall; Hambleton; Hamner; Hansford; Hardiman; Hardwick; Hardy; Harris; Harrison; Harvey; Hatcher; Hawkins; Hazlewood; Heath; Henderson; Hendrick; Hensley; Henson; Hickerson; Hickman; Hicks; Hill; Hix; Hobson; Hodnett; Holland; Holman; Holmes; Holwright; Hood; Hooper; Howel; Hubbard; Huckens; Huddleston; Hudson; Hughes; Humbles; Hundley; Hutcheson; Hutchison; Inge; Irving; Ishams; Iverson; Jackson; James; Jamison; Jefferies; Jefferson; Jenkins; Jennings; Johns; Johnson; Johnsons; Jones; Jopling; Kidd; Kinner; Kirby; Kitchen; Kyle; Lackland; Lambeth; Land; Langhorn; Lankford; Layne; Lee; Lester; Lesueur; Lewis; Lipsicomb; Logwood; Loyd; Maddox; Mann; Marcey; Martin; Mason; Maupin; Maxey; May; Mayo; Mays; McCormack; McCraw; McCray; McFadden; McGalsson; McGlasson; McLeland; McNeal; McRenalds; Meggenson; Melton; Merredith; Merry; Miles; Miller; Ming; Minton; Mitchel; Moffit; Moon; Moore; Morain; Morgan; Morris; Morse; Morton; Mosby; Moseley; Moses; Moss; Murphy; Murrain; Neighbors; Nevel; Newlin; Newton; Nicholas; Nixon; North; Norvell; Nowlin; Nunnally; Oaks; Oliver; Omohundro; Osburn; O’Bryant; Pace; Page; Palmer; Palmore; Pankey; Parrish; Parsley; Parsons; Pattison; Patton; Payne; Peake; Pearce; Pendleton; Penn; Perkins; Perrow; Perry; Petty; Phelps; Philips; Pittman; Pleasants; Pope; Pore; Porter; Price; Pritchet; Prophet; Pryor; Puryear; Putney; Quarls; Radford; Ragland; Rakes; Ransom; Reese; Renalds; Reonalds; Rice; Rich; Richards; Richardson; Riddle; Roberts; Robertson; Rose; Ross; Routon; Ryan; Saddler; Sallee; Sanders; Saunders; Scott; Scruggs; Sears; Seay; Self; Setleff; Setliff; Shane; Sharp; Shaw; Shelton; Shepherd; Simpson; Sims; Smith; Snead; Snoddy; Spears; Spencer; Spiller; Standley; Staples; Statham; Staton; Steger; Stephens; Stewart; Still; Stinson; Story; Stott; Stratton; Strong; Sudsberry; Sweeny; Taliaferro; Talley; Tapscott; Tatum; Taylor; Thomas; Thompson; Thornell; Tibbs; Tindal; Toney; Trent; Trice; Tuggle; Turner; Turpin; Umbler; Vawter; Venable; Vest; Wade; Wadmore; Walke; Walker; Walthal; Walthall; Walton; Warner; Warriner; Watkins; Watson; Watt; Webb; West; Wheeler; White; Whitehead; Whitlock; Whitlow; Wilbon; Wilcox; Wilkerson; Williams; Williamson; Willliams; Wilson; Winfrey; Wingfield; Winston; Wood; Woodal; Woodfin; Woodrooff; Woodson; Woody; Wooldridge; Wooton; Wootton; Word; Worley; Wright; and Yancy.

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STUDY OF A PLANTATION FAMILY 1761-1867 (MAURY-WILCOX-EPPES-HUBBARD), by Jeanne Stinson, 2006. iv, 96 pages. Extracted from records in the Virginia State Archives &The Hubbard Papers of the University of North Carolina Wilson Library
[Bkpl] $15.00
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BUCKINGHAM CO., VA DEATH RECORDS, 1853-1868, including records from early newspapers and printed sources by Jeanne Stinson, 2000. vi, 207 pages, index. The author, who has numerous titles on this "burned county", fills in the period just prior to the courthouse fire by transcribing the county clerk's death records from the surviving copy held by the state auditor of public accounts in Richmond. In addition, she has searched contemporary newspapers from the area as well as secondary published sources (including the W.P.A. records) to produce the most thorough death record of this county to date.
[Bkdr] $24.95
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BUCKINGHAM CO., VA 1902 COUNTY VOTERS REGISTRATION BOOK by Jeanne Stinson, 2003. 11 x 8 1/2, viii, 75 pages. The author has transcribed the voters registration sheets for each of the county's voting precincts at the beginning of the 1900s. Included in the data is the precinct, name of each voters, their date of birth, age, occupation, residence within the county, years lived in Buckingham Co., years lived in that particular district, and any military service they might have had. This is a valuable data base for both white and African-American genealogists searching their roots.
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BUCKINGHAM COUNTY, VIRGINIA LAND TAX SUMMARIES & IMPLIED DEEDS, Volume 1: 1782-1814 by Roger G. Ward, 1993. 343 pages, index. The author has thoroughly researched the land tax records for this important "burned" county and has constructed abstracts for each landholder, bringing disparate records together into a single abstract. Subsequent volumes will continue this series.
[Bkx1] $27.50
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BUCKINGHAM COUNTY, VIRGINIA LAND TAX SUMMARIES & IMPLIED DEEDS, Volume 2: 1815-1840 by Roger G. Ward, 1994. vi, 300 pages, index. A continuation of the volume above.
[Bkx2] $25.00

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BUCKINGHAM COUNTY, VIRGINIA LAND TAX SUMMARIES & IMPLIED DEEDS, Volume 3: 1841-1870 by Roger G. Ward, 1995. vi, 342 pages, index. A continuation of the volume above.
[Bkx3] $27.50

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BUCKINGHAM COUNTY, VIRGINIA 1850 U.S. CENSUS by Benjamin B. Weisiger, III, 1984. 151 pages, surname index. Records of this county were burned in 1869. The census lists all free persons, black and white, living in each household, giving name and age, occupation of males over 16, value of real estate and state or country (and sometimes county) of birth.
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BUCKINGHAM COUNTY, VIRGINIA 1860 U.S. CENSUS by Randy Kidd. 1994. vi, 169 pages, index. Records of this county were burned in 1869. The census lists all free persons, black and white, living in each household, giving name and age, occupation of males over 16, value of real estate & personal property, and state or country (and sometimes county) of birth.
[Bk60] $17.95

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EARLY BUCKINGHAM COUNTY, VIRGINIA, LEGAL PAPERS. VOLUME ONE: 1765-1806 by Jeanne Stinson, 1993, vi, 8«x11, 110 pages, photos, index. Records of this county were burned in 1869. The author has recovered valuable information by transcribing the accounts and legal papers on Buckingham currently housed in the Austin-Twyman collection of the Earl Gregg Swem Library at the College of William and Mary.
[Bclp] $22.00

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LOST BUCKINGHAM COUNTY, VIRGINIA MARRIAGES by Randy Kidd & Jeanne Stinson, 1992, xii, 251 pages, photos, index. Records of this county were burned in 1869. The authors have recovered valuable marriage records for this county from a missing register of 1854-1868, as well as abstracting marriages from various earlier newspaper sources and W.P.A. inventories and private sources. Over 1,100 marriages are reproduced here.
[Buck] $20.00

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BUCKINGHAM CO., VA UNDETERMINED CHANCERY FILES INDEX by Jeanne Stinson, 1994, vi, 121 pages, index. This is volume two of Ms. Stinson's magnificent research effort into the records of Buckingham County. She utilizes the almost forgotten file boxes of undetermined chancery suits (many of which give evidence predating the 1869 fire) to elucidate the lives of many Buckingham residents who came in contact with the court system.
[Bucf] $15.00

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BUCKINGHAM CO., VA. BOARD OF SUPERVISORS MINUTE BOOK, 1870-1887 by Jeanne Stinson, 1994, vi, ca. 100 pages, index. The following is an abstract of the minutes taken at the Board of Supervisor's meetings containing a chronological history of the rebuilding of the Court house and other facilities at the Court House Square. The Poorhouse accounts and the County Treasury Accounts are also included. Lists include jurors, persons dealing with the poorhouse, premiums paid for "scalps" and election officials.
[Bbsm] $15.00

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BUCKINGHAM CO., VA EXTANT POLL LISTS (1788, 1840, 1841 & 1848) by Jeanne Stinson, 1994, vi, 136 pages, index. This is volume one of Ms. Stinson's magnificent research series, "Historical Records of Buckingham County, Virginia." She utilizes the poll lists for contested federal or state elections to locate residents of this burned county in space (voting district) and time. A most valuable addition to the history of Buckingham.
[Bkel] $15.00

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BUCKINGHAM CO., VA CHURCH AND MARRIAGE RECORDS, 1764-1822 Compiled and abstracted by Mary Bondurant Warren, 1993, 87 pages, map full name index. This is a compilation of the surviving colonial Vestry books, indentures, and tax lists for Tillotson Parish, along with fragmentary Buckingham Baptist church minutes and marriage records kept by Rev. Rane Chastain.
[Bkcr] $12.50

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BUCKINGHAM CO., VA NATIVES WHO DIED ELSEWHERE, 1853-1896 by Roger G. Ward, 1995. 133 pages, index. This project consisted of reviewing the Virginia State-wide Death Registers of 1853 to 1896 (Microfilm Reel 1 to Reel 38 to identify those persons listed in the various counties and independent cities who had listed as their place of birth as Buckingham County. Approximately 1,500 death entries (including about 100 slave entries) are published here.
[Bkde] $14.95

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BUCKINGHAM CO., VA. 1870 U.S. CENSUS transcribed by Jeanne Stinson. 1998. iv, 281 pages, index. Records of this county were burned in 1869. The census lists all persons, both black and white, living in each household, giving name and age, race and sex, occupation of males over 16, value of real estate & personal property, and state or country (and sometimes county) of birth, and age of children born within the census year. Also included is personal information on the individual educational level (read/write, deaf/dumb, attending school, etc.)
[BK70] $25.00

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See also: samples from the 1870 Buckingham Co., Va. Census



Buckingham Co. 1815 Directory of Landowners by Roger G. Ward. 2005. 37 pages, map, 5 1/2X8 1/2.
For a full description of the 1815 LAND DIRECTORY Records and a listing of available counties, see: Individual County Booklets, 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners
[Vd13] $8.00
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Buckingham Co. Revolutionary Public Claims transcribed by Janice L. Abercrombie and Richard Slatten.. 2005. 37 pages, 5 1/2X8 1/2.
For a full description of the Virginia Revolutionary Public Claims and a listing of available counties, see: Revolutionary "Publick" Claims series
[Pc10] $5.00
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For more records pertaining to BUCKINGHAM COUNTY, VIRGINIA see also:

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